Hamsa is the hand of Prophet Muhammad's daughter Fatima. It is the symbol of patience, loyalty, faith and resistance against difficulties. According to common belief, it tells of the Fatima's struggle for dignity and her tough life. Thereby, purity, goodness and truth are blessed.
For centuries, Fatima’s Hand has been a powerful talisman for good luck and one of the most popular amulets in the world of Islam for protection. It is hung on the walls of the house as engraving in silver or gold or it is painted in red. It is believed that a house protected by the Hand of Fatima will not catch fire.
In Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia, ornaments of Fatima’s hand have the same meaning as evil eyes. In these countries, the miracle of the hand is given a great deal of importance.
According to traditional Islamic culture, the five fingers of Hamsa represent the five requirements of Islam, which are-
- To profess your faith,
- Give Alms,
- To Fast,
- To undertake a Pilgrimage to Mecca
The five fingers of Hamsa also represent the prophet's family (ahl al-bayt). Prophet Muhammad represented by the thumb, Ali by forefinger, Fatima by middle finger, Hasan by ring finger and Hussein by the little finger.
Fatima has a very important place in the Islamic faith, which is a symbol of sublimation to women, and her value in a patriarchal society. The authority of goddess, which has been attributed to the Virgin Mary in Christianity, has been given to Fatima in Islam.